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Department for International Development (DFID) Activities in the Orange-Senqu River Basin

Because the Orange-Senqu river basin intersects four countries (including essentially the whole of Lesotho), traverses various geographical regions and biomes, and supports a wide array of water demands, there is a great need for Integrated Water Resource Management. To facilitate such joint management efforts the Orange-Senqu River Commission (ORASECOM) was established by the Governments of Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia and South Africa through the “Agreement for the Establishment of the Orange-Senqu Commission” on 3 November 2000 in Windhoek, Namibia. ORASECOM was the first commission established following the regional ratification of the Revised Protocol on Shared Watercourses in the Southern African Development Community.

Meeting the water requirements of the population, economy and environment of the Orange-Senqu River basin is a significant challenge. With limited surface water resources available to meet increasing demands, managers and decision-makers need to consider all options, including sustainable use of groundwater, new water infrastructure and opportunities to conserve water. GIZ Transboundary Water Management in SADC programme is supporting ORASECOM in this framework since 2004 with assistance for its secretariat, technical support for the development of a basin-wide IWRM plan and of awareness raising tools, like the Orange-Senqu River Awareness Kit. GIZ is also facilitating the harmonization of the diverse “International Cooperation Partners” (ICPs) as appointed Lead-ICP.

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